In the ANALYZE step the instructional problem is defined by answering the questions:
• What is to be learned?
• Who needs to learn it?
• Why do they need to learn it?
• How are they going to learn it?
• How will we know they learned it?
The outcome of the ANALYZE step are formal instructional goals and objectives, a determination of the learning environment, and a sense of the learner’s existing knowledge and skills.